The reign of Louis XV in France was a period of relaxation after the heavy autocratic rule of Louis XIV. By 1730, the light, elegant, feminine tastes of the Rococo era were fully established.

The English royal family switched from the Stuarts to the Hanovers with the coronation of George I. The Stuart pretenders led many great yet unsuccessful revolts against the German born king.

In the New World, the rivalry between Spain, England and France reached its peak. The greatest rivalry, between England and France, climaxed during the French and Indian wars where the French lost all her North American holdings.