Anatomy of a Shoe

Breast: the front of the heel under the arch

Cap: the toecap

Counter: overlaid piece at the back of the upper

Feather: the part of the last and the shoe where the upper's edge meets the sole

Insole: a piece of leather or other material between the sole and the foot

Puff: a light reinforcing inside the upper which gives the toe its shape and support

Quarter: the part of the back of the upper, which covers the heel

Seat: the concave part of the heel that fits into the shoe and into which the heel of the foot sits

Shank: a piece of metal inserted between the sole and the insole lying against the arch of the foot

Sole: the piece of leather or other material that comes in contact with the ground

Stiffener: the inside stiffening of the upper, covering the heel and giving the back of the shoe support

Throat: the front of the vamp

Top Piece: the part of the heel that comes in contact with the ground.

Topline: the top edge of the upper

Upper: the piece of the shoe that covers the foot

Vamp: the part of the upper that covers the front of the foot as far as the back as the joint of the big toe

Waist: the part of the last and the shoe that corresponds to the arch and instep of the foot.