1815-1870

It is during this period that womenís shoe styles finally came to vary more than the menís. Women had a greater choice of style, colour, heel, and toe shape for every occasion.

The prolonged mourning by Queen Victoria after Albertís death in 1861 popularised dark shoes as fashionable apparel. The popularity increased into the 1880s and 1890s when it was inappropriate for a woman to bring undue attention to herself in public. This required the wear of dark coloured shoes. Black has remained a popular colour for footwear ever since.

Cloth topped shoes made their appearance during this era. They were usually black or white satin with a square throat and no heel.

Boots were exceedingly popular for women during this period, but toward the end, there was a change back to shoes for the primary footwear. Until 1860, the vast majority of footwear was some sort of boot. The side lace cloth top was the first seen for popular wear. This boot had a patent cap, was heelless, and could have as many as sixteen lace holes. Other styles soon followed, including cloth boots with a small heel known as Adelaides.

By the 1840ís, elastic sided boots were more popular though side-lace boots remain in fashion. By the 1860s front lace boots such as the Balmoral were in fashion, but were soon rivalled by the popular button boots including the Barrette boot with its openwork design.

In 1837, womenís shoes were wide toed, but every decade, a new style appeared. By the end of the 1840ís, the toe was rounded. Pointed toes appeared in the early 1860ís. By 1870, shoes began to have a rather broad toe, rounded at the corners.

Heels also changed frequently throughout the period. In 1851, the height had risen to three-quarters of an inch. Only ten years later, the heels reached a relatively staggering height of two and a half inches.

Slippers for women were, for the most part, heelless mules. It was not until the end of this era that the heeled mules return for indoor wear.