At the beginning of this period, the oval toe was still popular, but was being rivalled by the square toe, which became dominant after 1825. This toe is shallow until the 1850’s when they became deeper, offering greater comfort and practicality. The toe spring was also made extraordinarily high, and lasted until the late 1850’s, when it was retained only on labourers’ boots.
Heels for men’s shoes, relegated to dress wear, finally settled at a height of one inch, a height that is still common today.
Men’s shoes varied depending on the activity or time of day. For walking, boots or oxford shoes were acceptable. For evening, elastic side shoes were the norm, but for evening dress, the patent oxford or pump was the new fashion. The latchet tie dress shoe also continued for this purpose. Slippers continued as tab front mules, though they were now fastened with ribbons that tied around the ankle to keep them from slipping off the feet.
Overshoes became a popular necessity for men. These leather galoshes had a cap and short quarters with a spring strap to button around the ankle. They were especially popular during the 1830’s and 40’s. Flat-soled pattens without a cap were preferred for country use.